Grapevine is a highly valuable crop worldwide, both from a cultural as well as a commercial point of view. One of its major advantages is that it is well adapted to scarce water conditions. The main object of grapevine breeding is to develop varieties that are resistant to pathogens and at the same time well-adapted to a changing environment. Since the beginning of the 21st century, there has been a concerted effort by the international scientific community to develop genomic tools and resources for grapevine, culminating in its complete genome sequence. The book reviews these efforts and their usefulness for grapevine breeding and viticulture improvement.