The hippocampus and parietal cortex have been implicated in various core spatial behaviors, such as the ability to localise and navigate to an object. Damage to these areas in animals and humans impairs these spatial functions. This collection of papers, written by internationally recognized experts in the field, reviews the evidence that each area is involved in spatial cognition, examines the mechanisms underlying the generation of spatial behaviors, and considers the relative roles of the hippocampal and parietal areas, including how each interacts with the other. The papers integrate a wide range of theoretical and experimental approaches, and touch on broader issues related to memory and imagery. As such, this book offers the most up-to-date research on the neural basis of spatial cognition. It should be of interest to anyone working in the fields of cognitive science, neuroanatomy, neuropsychology, and general cognition.