We have made small changes throughout the book, including the exercises, and we have tried to correct if not all, then at least most of the typos. We wish to thank the many colleagues and students who have commented c- structively on the book since its publication two years ago, and in particular Professors Valentin Petrov, Esko Valkeila, Volker Priebe, and Frank Knight. Jean Jacod, Paris Philip Protter, Ithaca March, 2002 Preface to the Second Printing of the Second Edition We have bene?ted greatly from the long list of typos and small suggestions sent to us by Professor Luis Tenorio. These corrections have improved the book in subtle yet important ways, and the authors are most grateful to him. Jean Jacod, Paris Philip Protter, Ithaca January, 2004 Preface to the First Edition We present here a one semester course on Probability Theory. We also treat measure theory and Lebesgue integration, concentrating on those aspects which are especially germane to the study of Probability Theory. The book is intended to ?ll a current need: there are mathematically sophisticated s- dents and researchers (especially in Engineering, Economics, and Statistics) who need a proper grounding in Probability in order to pursue their primary interests. Many Probability texts available today are celebrations of Pr- ability Theory, containing treatments of fascinating topics to be sure, but nevertheless they make it di?cult to construct a lean one semester course that covers (what we believe) are the essential topics.