Transmediastinal gunshot injuries present the risk of immediately life threatening injuries. Stable patients have been evaluated by a combination of esophageal swallow and endoscopy, aortography and bronchoscopy. There is an increasing trend favoring CT scan. Unstable patients require immediate exploration, being prepared to enter both hemi-thoraces. Selected References: * Bergsland J, Karamanoukian HL, Soltoski PR, Salerno TA. Single suture forcircumflex exposure in coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg.1999;68: 1428-1430. * Fedalen PA, Bard MR, Piacentino V, et al. Intraluminal shunt placement and off- pump coronary revascularization for coronary artery stab wound. J Trauma 200 1;50: 133-135 * Hanpeter DE, Demetriades D, Asensio JA, Berne TV, Velmahos G, Murraygunshot wounds. J Trauma 2000;49(4):689-695. * MacPherson D. Bullet Penetration: Modeling the dynamics and the incapacitation resulting from wound trauma. Ballistics Publications, EI Segundo, CA, 1994 * Wall MJ, Soltero E. Damage control for thoracic injuries, Surg Clin North AmI997;77(4):863-878.* Rozycki GS, Feliciano DV, Oschner MG, Knudson MM, Hoyt DB, Davis F, Hammerman D, Figueredo V, Harviel JD, Han DC, Schmidt JA. The role ofUltrasound in patients with possible penetrating cardiac wounds: aProspective multicenter study. J Trauma 1999; 46(4):543-552. * Roussseau H, Soula P, Bui B, D'Othee BJ, Massabuau P, Meites G, Concina P,Mazzerolles M, Joffre F, Otal P. Delayed treatment of traumatic ruptureof the thoracic aorta with endoluminal covered stent. Circulation 1999 Feb2; 99(4): 498-504.