China has an estimated 120–150 million internal migrants from the countryside living in its cities. These people are the engine that has been driving China's high rate of economic growth. However, until recently, little or no attention has been given to the establishment of a social protection regime for migrant workers. This volume examines the key issues involved in establishing social protection for them, including a critical examination of deficiencies in existing arrangements and an in-depth study of proposals that have been offered for extending social security coverage. Featuring contributions from leading academics outside China who have written on the topic as well as experts from leading Chinese academic institutions such as Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Development Research Center in the State Council, this volume provides a comprehensive account from both inside and outside China.Contents:Introduction:The Rhetoric and the Reality of Social Protection for China's Migrant Workers (I Nielsen & R Smyth)Social Protection and Social Justice:Reincorporating the Mingong: Dilemmas of Citizen Status (D Kelly)Righting Wrongs: The Language of Policy Reform and China's Migrant Workers (G Davies & S Grant)Migrant Participation in Social Protection Schemes:The Design of a Social Security System for Rural Migrant Workers in China (D-W Wang)Correct Ideas and Social Security Reform in China: The Case of Shanghai's Township Insurance (G Davies et al.)Why Do Migrant Workers Not Participate in Urban Social Security Schemes? The Case of the Construction and Service Sectors in Tianjin (B-Q Li)Wat Determines the Welfare and Social Security Entitlements of Rural Migrants in Chinese Cities? (F Guo & W-S Gao)Social Protection and Migration in China: What Can Protect Migrants from Economic Uncertainty? (L Song & S Appleton)The Role of the Household, State and Market in Providing Social Protection:Getting by Without State-Sponsored Social Insurance (L Wong & G-C Zheng)Household Strategies and Migrant Housing Quality in Tianjin (M Duda et al.)The Household as Security: Strategies of Rural-Urban Migrants in China (C C Fan & W-F W Wang)Conclusions and Future Directions:Towards a Harmonious Society: Challenges for China in the Pursuit of Social-Protection-as-Social-Justice (I Nielsen & R Smyth)Readership: All those interested in China, social security and migration issues.