The aim of this book is to present a much-needed conceptualization of `the learning region'. The editors scrutinize key concepts and issues surrounding this phenomenon, which are then discussed in the context of recent literature. This unique conceptualization of the learning region presents a state of the art exploration of theories. Leading scholars from across Europe, the USA and South Africa draw upon various disciplines to explain how regional actors perform regional learning, including: regional networks, industrial districts, the systems innovation approach, social capital and economic geography. Contrary to competing theories, this study takes a relational approach to the learning region. The book thus focuses on learning between regional actors and the ongoing relations they have not only with each other, but also with other actors in their regional social context.Providing path-breaking theory development in the fields of innovation and regional science and economic geography, this highly original, multidisciplinary study will prove invaluable for students, academics and researchers. Regional policymakers will also find much to interest them within this book.