First published in 1953, this is Miss Deane's final report on her inquiry into the problems of social accounting in the two territories of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. In her introduction, Miss Deane discusses the purpose of social accounting, and the accounting framework used for her study. Parts II and III review the economies of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland; methods of estimate are set out in appendixes. Part IV describes experiments in village social accounting, the problems involves, and the results obtained; and an appendix gives an annotated list of published and unpublished budget surveys made for the Central African region. Part V gives conclusions.