This authoritative study explores Eustathius of Antiochs theological anthropology, offering insight into one of the most important thinkers of the early Arian controversy. Sophie Cartwright situates Eustathius thought in relation to the early Arian controversy, the Constaninian Revolution, the theological legacies of Irenaeus and Origen, and the philosophical commentary tradition. She also locates Eustathius within his historical context and provides a detailedoverview of the sources for his complex and fragmented corpus.Eustathius anthropology is indebted to a tradition shaped by the theology of Irenaeus, that had already come into conversation with Origen. Dr Cartwright suggests that Origens own thought was indebted to Irenaeus but that he had a radically different cosmology; this shaped subsequent engagement with both thinkers. Eustathius theology of embodiment draws on Irenaeus, in opposition to what he perceives as the Origenist and Platonist anthropology which, in his anti-Arian works, he associateswith Eusebius of Caesarea. However, he is deeply indebted to Origen for his doctrine of Christs human soul and, consequently, his wider psychology. He places humanity at a great distance from God and seeks to give humanity autonomous value, especially in his discourse on Gods image. This representsone logical negotiation of the rejection of Origens eternal intelligible world. Eustathius divisive Christology offers a picture of Christ as the perfect human being that echoes Irenaeus Adam-Christ typology, fleshed out by an Origenian discourse on Christs human soul and infused with a keen awareness of the chasm between God and humankind. He proffers a doctrine of inherited sinfulness as an alternative to Origens doctrine of the fall and looks to a corporeal eschatological kingdom ruledover by the human Christ; this eschatology probably reflects discomfiture with Constantines role in the church.