The Hittites created one of the great civilizations of the ancient world, although it remained almost unknown until excavations in the early 20th century revealed the extent and importance of its culture. For nearly five centuries the Hittites controlled vast areas of Anatolia, by direct or indirect rule, engaging in almost incessant warfare, and, at the same time, making significant contributions to culture and religion of the region. Historical Dictionary of the Hittites covers Hittite civilization from its origins through hundreds of entries on important persons, places, essential institutions, and the significant aspects of the society, Kingship, government, economy, material culture, and warfare of this ancient people. A 16-page photospread, introductory essay, chronology, and bibliography complement the dictionary entries. Scholars, students, and general readers who are interested in ancient history will find this a valuable reference work about the Hittites and about the rediscovery of the Hittites.