This book providesa concise overview of facts and projections aboutclimate change in Cyprus and its region until the end of the 21st century. Climate change is expected to have adverse effects in Mediterranean Europe - the most serious compared to other European regions. Being an island state with a semi-arid climate in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus is located in a hot spot. Basedon the information available in the literature, it highlights the expected natural, economic and societal impacts ofclimate change and presents recommendations forthe implementation of a nationaladaptation strategy. Despite the dismal outlook arising from this review,the book demonstrates that coping with climate change is possible, provided thatproactive actions are taken by both the public and the private sector. Publicauthorities need to set clear priorities and set up adequate monitoringmechanisms that can help avoid large natural and economic damages at a laterstage. Enabling private adaptation investments and properly pricing the use ofnatural resources are key priorities for investing in a climate resilienteconomy.