In recent years, there has been a drive to develop briefer and more focal psychodynamic interventions, with the hope of satisfying the ever-increasing need for mental health support. This book outlines the principles and practice of Brief Psychoanalytic Therapy. It starts with an introductory chapter that distils those aspects of psychoanalysis that provide a basis for the approach. This is followed by an overview of themes and variations in six forms of brief psychodynamic therapy. The remainder of the book is focused on clinical practice. Treatment and Adherence Manuals detail the specifics of therapist orientation and technique, and a formal research study that compares the approach with Interpersonal Therapy is described. Case histories of individual treatments unfolding over time are complemented by detailed examination of short sequences of patient-therapist dialogue from transcribed sessions. The result is a picture of a psychoanalytic treatment that, whilebrief, is disciplined and coherent in its concentrated focus on analyzing the transference and countertransference in the therapeutic relationship. Accessibly written, and grounded in clinical practice, the book is a practical guide for psychotherapists and other professionals in the field of mental health.