This is volume IV of the multivolume reference on all known aspects of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman cults and rituals. ThesCRA delivers both a sweeping overview and an in-depth investigation from Homeric times (1000 BCE) to late Roman times (AD 400). Illustrated scholarly articles in English, French, Italian, and German treat such topics as processions, sacrifices, libations, dedications, purification, initiation, divination, prayer, asylum, oaths, maledictions, banquets, music, dance, cult places, cult statues, and cult implements. Each of the texts is followed by a catalogue entry listing the epigraphical and literary sources cited and referencing ancient iconographical documents related to the topic. Many of these iconographical items are depicted either in line drawings in the texts or in the plate sections of each volume.