This is defining text in this internationally emerging field, raising awareness of alternative (religiously and culturally informed) views to solving the global climate-change dilemma. Religious worldviews inform the activities of a majority of the world population, suggesting that religion offers significant theoretical and practical contributions to mitigating, and adapting to, global climate change. But the respective functions of religion are ambiguous: some religious organizations are aiming to become 'greener', screening their traditions for moral imperatives to respect the environment; however, some beliefs and religious practices may have fatalistic attitudes towards the impacts of climate change or may work against sustainable developments. In this book, 'religion' - defined from theological, ethical, philosophical, ethnological, anthropological, and historical perspectives - serves as an analytic lens for exploring the manifold human modes of perception, action and thought in climate change.Charting the spread from regional case studies to global-scale syntheses, the book discusses these overarching questions: How are ongoing climatic changes and the scientific projection of its future changes perceived in different belief systems including indigenous worldviews? What can religion contribute to mitigate, and adapt to, anthropogenic climate change? What features of religion may, in turn, hamper such adaptation?