Featuring contributions from leading experts, this volume provides an up-to-date review of neurological and other medical conditions that affect the neuropsychological functioning of children and adolescents. The book is structured for use as both an everyday reference and teaching tool. Included are state-of-the-art descriptions of a broad range of disorders, as well as theoretical and clinical perspectives. The epidemiology, neuropathology and pathophysiology, and neuropsychological consequences of specific conditions are described. The existing scientific literature is reviewed and critiqued from conceptual and methodological perspectives, and directions for future research are suggested.