Among the most influential ideas that have shaped development thinking in recent years is the concept of human development. The perspective is particularly critical in today's world as we collectively think of solutions to end global poverty, promote human security and establish a just and peaceful society for all. This volume brings together the collection of papers that have shaped the human development approach with its set of concepts, measurement tools, and policy perspectives. The volume is divided into four sections: conceptual foundations, measurement, policy explorations, and new frontiers addressing the political dimensions of human development. The original contributions, so ably put together by the contributors, will stimulate thinking and action. This will be an essential source to all who are committed to taking action towards development that serves the health, well-being, freedom, and dignity of people.