The book focuses on three main themes: *overpopulation associated with low productivity, unemployment, persistent poverty and weak savings and investment capacity *the post-1950 development strategies and their outcomes *the institutional structures that are constraining economic and political progress. Egypt in the Twenty First Century is a much needed investigation into the long-term economic reform and restructuring and examines the challenges ahead for the country. It provides authoritative analyses from a collection of respected academics and a wealth of new data. It will appeal to all those interested in the political economy of contemporary Egypt. agriculture, industry and political systems.