This volume on Ecology of Language presents chapters on ecologies of language , literacy and learning. The subject of language ecology is diversity within socio-political settings where the processes of language use create, reflect and challenge hierarchies and hegemonies. The volume covers the following topics: Historical and theoretical perspectives, language ecologies of selected countries and regions, focus on Asia, Australia, Africa, language ecologies of dispersed and diasporic communities, esp. Chinese, Malay, Moroccan, classroom language ecologies in multilingual contexts, language ecology of literacies, oracies and discourses. This is one of ten volumes of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education published by Springer. The Encyclopedia bears testimony to the dynamism and evolution of the language and education field, as it confronts the ever-burgeoning and irrepressible linguistic diversity and ongoing pressures and expectations placed on education around the world.