Violence, war and internal conflicts have assumed a new intensity with the decline of the Cold War. There are over 32 civil wars being fought in 1994. The world may witness over 100 million refugees in the year 2000 as a direct result of internal wars. This volume comprises case studies and theory-oriented papers dealing with Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. Taken together, they spell out implications of general interest and provide a comparative basis for a systematic approach to conflict transformation.