This groundbreaking text was the first in its field to present practical, research-based guidance on creating integrated curriculum. It has been updated to reflect cutting edge perspectives in literacy and language arts instruction. "Webs," the hallmark feature of the text, enable readers to easily incorporate integrated units in the classroom. The Fourth Edition continues to offer practical and critical curriculum paradigms, and clearly shows the reciprocal relationship between assessment and instruction. Perfect for both pre-service and in-service K-8 teachers for its accessibility, the text is solidly grounded in cognitive, linguistic, and curriculum theory, but also does an excellent job of examining what goes on in the classroom minute-by-minute, day-by-day.