This book serves as a pocket bedside medical reference, providing the unique element of supplying a step-by-step design that will guide clinicians in giving their patient optimal, evidence-based care. The book provides practical points based on both real patient-care experience and review of current medical literature with the aim of providing guidance to all critical care clinicians. The book covers the most common ailments observed in critically ill medical patients. It uses an algorithmic, easy-to-follow, step-by-step approach. Clinicians with varying degrees of training will be able to follow its format.