This book contains a systematic exposition of the facts relating to partial differential equations with constant coefficients. The study of systems of equations in general form occupies a central place. Together with the classical problems of the existence, the uniqueness, and the regularity of the solutions, we also consider the specific problems that arise in connection with overdetermined and underdetermined systems of equations: the extendabiIity of the solutions into a wider region, the extendability of regularity, M-cohomology and so on. Great attention is paid to the connections and the parallels with the theory of functions of several complex variables. The choice of material was dictated by a number of considerations. Among all the facts relating to general systems of equations, the book contains none that relate to the behavior of differential operators in spaces of slowly growing functions. Missing also are results relating to a single equation in one unknown function: the correctness of the Cauchy problem, certain theorems on p-convexity, and the theory of boundary values, are all set forth in other monographs (Gel'fand and Silov , Hormander  and Treves ).The book consists of two parts. In the first, we set forth the analytic method which forms the basis for the contents of the second part, which itself is dedicated to differential equations. The first part is pre- ceded by an introduction in which the content and methods of Part I are described. All the notes and bibliographical references are collected together in a special section.