The author of this study proposes a fundamental review of biodiversity protection policies. Instead of conservation/preservation, a shift to attention to ecosystem management with human rights and human dignity at the center is recommended. This study prescribes a comprehensive system for the protection of biodiversity. Human rights standards, free trade in wildlife and regulated free access to plant genetic resources are proposed as the elements of this system. Practitioners and scholars concerned with environmental issues, human rights, and sustainable development problems will find this work of great interest. Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.