The need to provide children with caring family environment and proper nurturing is generally recognised as integral to society. Sadly, many children lack such benefits; the reasons for this state can vary. The children may be orphaned, unwanted by their parents, taken from hostile home situations, or the victims of some other unfortunate circumstances. The process of adoption, however, gives hope to these children and lets foster parents build a family. Generally the states have jurisdiction over adoption, making for a morass of laws and standards in child welfare. The federal government does, though, maintain an interest in promoting adoption, and Congress has proposed and enacted several pieces legislation giving tax credits and other incentives to encourage adoption in the hopes of safeguarding the future of the nation's children. An important look at the present status of the adoption process and its implementation in America, this book collects a set of articles that analyse adoption from several different perspectives. These views examine issues from the aforementioned government tax credits to the nettlesome topic of adopting foreign children.Also included is the chapter on the controversial subject of adoption by homosexual couples. With such a broad array of coverage, this book is an important resource in keeping abreast of the United States' adoption process.