This book covers some recent advances in string theory and extra dimensions. Intended mainly for advanced graduate students in theoretical physics, it presents a rare combination of formal and phenomenological topics, based on the annual lectures given at the School of the Theoretical Advanced Study Institute (2001) — a traditional event that brings together graduate students in high energy physics for an intensive course of advanced learning. The lecturers in the School are leaders in their fields.The first lecture, by E D'Hoker and D Freedman, is a systematic introduction to the gauge–gravity correspondence, focusing in particular on correlation functions in the conformal case. The second, by L Dolan, provides an introduction to perturbative string theory, including recent advances on backgrounds involving Ramond-Ramond fluxes. The third, by S Gubser, explains some of the basic facts about special holonomy and its uses in string theory and M-theory. The fourth, by J Hewett, surveys the TeV phenomenology of theories with large extra dimensions. The fifth, by G Kane, presents the case for supersymmetry at the weak scale and some of its likely experimental consequences. The sixth, by A Liddle, surveys recent developments in cosmology, particularly with regard to recent measurements of the CMB and constraints on inflation. The seventh, by B Ovrut, presents the basic features of heterotic M-theory, including constructions that contain the Standard Model. The eighth, by K Rajagopal, explains the recent advances in understanding Q at low temperatures and high densities in terms of color superconductivity. The ninth, by M Sher, summarizes grand unified theories and baryogenesis, including discussions of supersymmetry breaking and the Standard Model Higgs mechanism. The tenth, by M Spiropulu, describes collider physics, from a survey of current and future machines to examples of data analyses relevant to theories beyond the Standard Model. The eleventh, by M Strassler, is an introduction to supersymmetric gauge theory, focusing on Wilsonian renormalization and analogies between three- and four-dimensional theories. The twelfth, by W Taylor and B Zwiebach, introduces string field theory and discusses recent advances in understanding open string tachyon condensation. The thirteenth, by D Waldram, discusses explicit model building in heterotic M-theory, emphasizing the role of the E8 gauge fields.The written presentation of these lectures is detailed yet straightforward, and they will be of use to both students and experienced researchers in high-energy theoretical physics for years to come.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in:• Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP ROM version / ISI Proceedings)• CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical SciencesContents:Supersymmetric Gauge Theories and the AdS/CFT Correspondence (E D'Hoker & D Z Freedman) [157 pages]Perturbative String Theory and Ramond-Ramond Flux (L Dolan) [33 pages]Special Holonomy in String Theory and M-Theory (S S Gubser) [37 pages]Phenomenology of Extra Dimensions (J L Hewett) [34 pages]Weak Scale Supersymmetry — A Top-Motivated-Bottom-Up Approach (G L Kane) [61 pages]Recent Developments in Cosmology (A R Liddle) [19 pages]Lectures on Heterotic M-Theory (B A Ovrut) [48 pages]Color Superconductivity (K Rajagopal) [59 pages]Grand Unification, Higgs Bosons, and Baryogenesis (M Sher) [46 pages]Collider Experiment: Strings, Branes and Extra Dimensions (M Spiropulu) [40 pages]An Unorthodox Introduction to Supersymmetric Gauge Theory (M J Strassler) [78 pages]D-Branes, Tachyons, and String Field Theory (W Taylor & B Zwiebach) [88 pages]Introduction to Model Building in Heterotic M-Theory (D Waldram) [87 pages]Readership: Graduates and researchers in high energy physics, mathematical physics and astrophysics.