This book is a reflection of the current research that explores the mechanism, dynamics and evidence of the impact of human capital on economic development and social well-being in modern China. Composed of keynote speeches and selected papers from The 2005 International Conference of the Chinese Economists Society (www.china-ces.org), it tracks the latest understanding and empirical evidence of the relationships amongst health, education and economic development in China. The book presents a broad spectrum of study topics covering human capital and economic growth; demand, attainment and disparity in both education and health; and investing in human capital and the economic and social returns in China. Distinguished contributors include Robert Fogel, Michael Grossman, Daniel Hamermesh, Gregory Chow and Dean Jamison.Contents:Human Capital and Economic Growth:Why China is Likely to Achieve Its Growth Objectives (R W Fogel)The Contribution of Health and Education to Economic Growth in China (D T Jamison et al.)Education: Demand, Attainment and Disparities:Demand for Education in China (G C Chow & Y Shen)School Attainment and Cost of Education in Rural China (L-X Zhang et al.)Health: Demand, Attainment and Disparities:An Economic Analysis of Health Care in China (G C Chow)A Theoretical Analysis for Chinese New Rural Cooperative Medical System (H H Wang)Investing in Human Capital and Economic Return:The Relationship between Health and Schooling (M Grossman)Income Productivity in China: On the Role of Health (G G Liu et al.)Discrimination and Development: The Case of Beauty in China (D S Hamermesh et al.)and other papersReadership: Economists and research scholars with interests in economics of growth and development, human capital and social well-being; policy analysts and graduate students in the fields of public policy, economics, education, public health, demography and sociology.