While preparing the first edition of this textbook I attended an extension short course on writing agricultural publications. The message I remember was "e;select your audience and write to it. "e; There has never been any doubt about the audience for which this textbook was written, the introductory course in crop breeding. In addition, it has become a widely used reference for the graduate plant-breeding student and the practicing plant breeder. In its prepa- ration, particular attention has been given to advances in plant-breeding theo- ry and their utility in plant-breeding practice. The blend of the theoretical with the practical has set this book apart from other plant-breeding textbooks. The basic structure and the objectives of the earlier editions remain un- changed. These objectives are (1) to review essential features of plant re- production, Mendelian genetic principles, and related genetic developments applicable in plant-breeding practice; (2) to describe and evaluate established and new plant-breeding procedures and techniques, and (3) to discuss plant- breeding objectives with emphasis on the importance of proper choice of objec- tive for achieving success in variety development. Because plant-breeding activities are normally organized around specific crops, there are chapters describing breeding procedures and objectives for the major crop plants; the crops were chosen for their economic importance or diversity in breeding sys- tems. These chapters provide a broad overview of the kinds of problems with which the breeder must cope.