From one of the most admired essayists and novelists at work today: a new collection of essayshis first since Tests of Time, winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism. These twenty-five essays speak to the nature and value of writing and to the books that result from a deep commitment to the word. Here is Gass on Rilke and Gertrude Stein; on friends such as Stanley Elkin, Robert Coover, and William Gaddis; and on a company of healthy dissidents, among them Rabelais, Elias Canetti, John Hawkes, and Gabriel Garca Mrquez. In the title essay, Gass offers an annotated list of the fifty books that have most influenced his thinking and his work and writes about his first reaction to reading each. Among the books: Ludwig Wittgensteins Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (A lightning bolt, Gass writes. Philosophy was not dead after all. Philosophical ambitions were not extinguished. Philosophical beauty had not fled prose.) . . . Ben Jonsons The Alchemist (A man after my own heart. He is capable of the simplest lyrical stroke, as bold and direct as a line by Matisse, but he can be complex in a manner that could cast Nabokov in the shade . . . Shakespeare may have been smarter, but he did not know as much.) . . . Gustave Flauberts letters (Here I learnedand learnedand learned.) And after reading Malorys Le Morte dArthur, Gass writes I began to eat books like an alien worm.In the concluding essay, Evil, Gass enlarges upon the themes of artistic quality and cultural values that are central to the books he has considered, many of which seek to reveal the worst in people while admiring what they do best.As Gass writes, The true alchemists do not change lead into gold, they change the world into words.A Temple of Texts is Gass at his most alchemical.From the Hardcover edition.