Akseli Gallen-Kallela was a Finnish painter and designer strongly associated with philosophy of National Romanticism, especially relating to the region of Karelia. Of exacting influence was the collection of folk poems formed in the middle of the 19th century by Elias Lonrot. Following a national competition in 1891 Gallen-Kallela illustrated this national epic known as the Kaleval, the brilliant images of which soon became widely known throughout Finland. He also made a significant contribution to the Finnish Pavilion at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900 in which he painted frescoes on Kalevala themes in the main dome, as well as designing textiles and furniture. Gallen-Kallela worked in a wide range of design media.