European integration is under pressure. At the same time, the notion of a European administrative space is explicitly voiced. Hence it is time to examine whether a shared idea of the public servant exists in Europe. This volume shows how the public servant has been conceived throughout European history and in contrast with other conceptions (especially American ones), and whether they are currently converging towards a common European administrative identity. This timely analysis constitutes an original effort to integrate history of ideas and cutting edge survey research. It presents both the ideational foundations as well as its translation in today's European administrative space. This volume hence provides a true dialogue between sub-disciplines within political science with the goal of finding synergies instead of boundary delineation.