Biotechnology is one of the fastest emerging fields of biological sciences. The 21st century is witnessing the dawn of biotechnology, which is expected to surpass information technology as the new engine of the global economy. This exciting discipline has drawn the interests of traditional biologists, biochemists, microbiologists, medical and agricultural scientists into applying mathematical and engineering models to understanding biology. Biotechnology is experiencing a revolution and is affecting every facet of our lives, from crop improvement to commerce, and drugs to sustainable development. This book reflects the view that biotechnology is the integrated use of many biological technologies which are essential for the effective translation of novel research into application.