The Government of Uganda believes that illiteracy and inadequate basic education deprive people of the opportunity to fulfill their potential and effectively participate in decisionmaking and other development objectives. In order to achieve these objectives, the Ugandan government started a pilot project in eight districts using the functional literacy approach. This publication suggests that the track record of an adult basic education program need not be poor. Of particular interest, is the finding that government programs and those delivered by non-government agencies can be equally effective. However, the manner and the quality of the implementation do influence the outcomes. The purpose of this evaluation is to compare and contrast the resource requirements and the effectiveness of the Functional Adult Literacy (FAL) programme and Regenerated Freirean Literacy through Empowering Community Techniques (REFLECT). The book assesses the implementation of adult literacy education and recommends future policy on the development of adult literacy education.