Max Liebermann was a German-Jewish painter and printmaker, one of the exponents of Impressionism in Germany. The realism and simplicity of his first exhibited paintings were in striking contrast to the Romantic, idealized art then in mode. After 1873 he became familiar with the Barbizon school of painters; as a result of their influence, he brightened his palette and helped initiate the German school of Impressionism. In the 1880s he found his subjects in the orphanages and asylums for the old in Amsterdam and among the peasants and urban labourers of Germany and the Netherlands. As a supporter of such academically unpopular styles as Impressionism and Art Nouveau, he founded the Berlin Sezession (1899). Liebermann dominated the German art world from the 1890s to the 1930s and led the modernist movement in Germany away from the literary art of the 19th century. His Naturalist and Impressionist works have been consistently admired, despite being banned during the Nazi period.